Practice as Cost Accountant
A Cost Accountant may build up his own practice by obtaining a licence from the Institute which would enable him to practice as a Cost Accountant, either individually or in partnership with one or more members of the Institute in practice. His clientele include private and public companies, large, medium and small scale undertakings, partnership and proprietary concerns, industrial, commercial and service undertakings etc. The types of service a cost accountant may offer his clients are varied. Some of these are listed below:
Maintenance of Cost Records
Vide G.S.R. 429(E) dated 3rd June, 2011 the Central Government has notified Uniform Cost Accounting Records Rules, 2011 and also notified on 7th December, 2011 Industry Specific Cost Accounting Records Rules 2011 as per following details:
Uniform Cost Accounting Records Rules:
Industry Specific Cost Accounting Records Rules notified on 7th December 2011:
The above, Uniform Cost Accounting Records Rules and Industry Specific Cost Accounting Records Rules shall apply to every company, including a foreign company as defined under section 591 of the Companies Act, 1956 which is engaged in the production, processing, manufacturing, or mining activities and wherein:
- the aggregate value of net worth as on the last date of the immediately preceding financial year exceeds five crores of rupees; or
- wherein the aggregate value of the turnover made by the company from sale or supply of all products or activities during the immediately preceding financial year exceeds twenty crores of rupees; or
- wherein the company’s equity or debt securities are listed or are in the process of listing on any stock exchange, whether in India or outside India.
Also, every company to which these rules apply, including all units and branches thereof are required to keep cost records in respect of each of its financial year. These Rules also provide for the Compliance Report to be certified by a cost accountant. As per definition provided under these Rules, Cost Accountant means a Cost Accountant as defined in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Cost and Works Accountants Act, 1959 (23 of 1959) and who is a permanent employee of the company in which he/she is working or holds a valid certificate of practice under subsection (1) of section 6 and who is deemed to be in practice under subsection (2) of section 2 of that Act and includes a firm of cost accountants. The Cost Accountants may assist such companies in keeping the requisite cost records and alsocertify Compliance Report as prescribed in the said rules.
Where in the opinion of the Central Government it is necessary so to do in relation to any company required under clause (d) of sub-section (1) of section 209 to include in its books of account the particulars referred to therein, the Central Government may, by order direct that an audit of cost records of the company shall be conducted in such manner as may be specified in the order by a cost accountant.
Under section 233B of the Companies Act, 1956, orders are issued for conducting audit of cost accounting records in accordance with the prevailing Cost Audit Report Rules. Prior to issuance of Cost Audit Orders, individual cost audit orders were being issued by the Cost Audit Branch to the respective companies for each product covered. However, Ministry of Corporate Affairs vide F. No. 52/26/CAB-2010 dated 2ndMay 2011, 3rdMay, 2011, 30th June 2011 and 24th January, 2012 has issued industry specific Cost Audit Orders subject to certain conditions of Net Worth/ Turnover of companies to which any of the Uniform or Industry Specific Cost Accounting Records Rules apply. No individual Cost Audit Orders are being issued hence forth. The Cost Accountants may be appointed as Cost Auditor for conducting the audit of cost records by the companies covered by cost audit orders issued under section 233B of the Companies Act, 1956. To download click on the respective files below:
Companies (Cost Audit Report) Rules 2011 (CAR) vide Notification No. GSR 430(E)
Cost Audit Order F.No. 52/26/CAB-2010 dated May
02, 2011 for eight industries
Cost Audit Order F.NO. 52/26/CAB-2010 dated May
03, 2011 for six industries
Cost Audit Order F.No. 52/26/CAB-2010 dated June 30, 2011 for eight industries
(modified Order of May 03, 2011)
Cost Audit Order
F.No. 52/26/CAB-2010 dated 24 January, 2012
Audit and other Work
The Cost Accountants are authorised to conduct audit and other as follows:
- Statutory Auditors under Value Added Tax Act of States:
Many States have authorised Cost Accountants for auditing, certification of returns and to appear as authorised representative on behalf of their clients under the Acts. The list of States where Cost Accountants are authorised to conduct VAT Audit is given at
- Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) authorizes Cost Accountants in practice for the following work:
- Special Audit under Section 14A & 14AA of the Central Excise Act 1944;
- Certification of refund of additional duty of Customs on the goods imported for subsequent sale under Indian Customs Act;
- Special Audit in certain cases under Section 11 of Customs Act, 1962, The Chief Commissioner of Customs may, for reasons to be recorded in writing, direct a manufacturer to get the accounts of his warehouse, office, stores, godowns, factory, depot, or other establishment audited by a Cost Accountant, nominated by him in this behalf.
- Under Rule 5 of Customs valuation (Determination of Value of Export Goods)
Rules, 2007, the proper officer shall give due consideration to the
cost-certificate issued by a Cost Accountant;
- Under the Fixation of brand rate of Drawback without pre-verification -
Simplified procedure Scheme, unless there are any special reasons, drawback rates are to be fixed without pre-verification of the date filed, (which should be duly verified by the applicant and Chartered Accountant/ Chartered Engineers / Cost Accountant) and the exporter would be authorised by provisional brand rate letters issued by the Ministry to claim the drawback rate considered admissible from the concerned Customs House (s);
- Under Rules 6 and 7 of the Customs and Central Excise Duties Drawback Rules,
1995, the exporters may be asked to furnish the purchase invoice as to the procurement of the raw hides/wet blue leather. They should also furnish a certificate from the Chartered Accountant/Cost Accountant as to the consumption and cost of processing chemicals used for its processing and other incidental overhead charges incurred;
- The Commissioner of Customs/Central Excise may direct the concerned developer to get his accounts audited by a Cost Accountant nominated by him in this behalf. The expenses of and incidental to such audit shall be borne by the concerned developer, vide
Circular No. 52/2002-Customs dated 14th August, 2002;
- Accepting services of the Cost Accountant’s may also be considered by the respective Commissionrates depending upon the extent of complexity of the cases as provided under
Circular No.04/2006 dated 12th January, 2006 in respect Computation of freight of time chartered/daughter vessel and its inclusion in the assessed value as extended cost of transportation;
- Certified Facilitation Centres (CFCs)- under ACES-CBEC Scheme: As per MOU with Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC), Ministry of Finance, Government of India, Cost Accountants are authorised to act as facilitators under Certified Facilitation Centre Scheme in filing various Excise and Service Tax Returns under the provisions of Central Excise Act and Service Tax Act.
- Compliance Audit of Reserve Bank of India (India's Central Bank) for the purpose Lending under Consortium Arrangement / Multiple Banking Arrangements, the banks are required to obtain regular certification from professional like Cost Accountants regarding compliance of various statutory prescriptions that are in vogue.
- Half-yearly Internal Audit of Stock Brokers and Credit Rating Agencies as
prescribed by Securities Exchange Board of India
- Internal and Concurrent Audit for depository operations under National
Securities Depository Ltd (NSDL);
- Stock Audit and Concurrent Audit of many Public Sector and Private Sector
Banks in India;
- Empanelled by many State Public Center Enterprises (SPSEs) as Internal Auditor for auditing financial books of account;
- Empanelled by many Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs), Public and Private limited companies as Internal Auditor for auditing financial books of accounts;
- Empanelled by many Cooperative Societies in States as Internal Auditor for auditing financial books of accounts;
- Various Ministries of Government of India have authorised the Cost
Accountants in practice for
certifying various returns and to issue compliance
certificate as per their formats. Such ministries are Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Ministry of Textile, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution and gist of the work under them are as follows:
- Issuance of various certificates under Indian Foreign Trade Policy 2009-14 and Aayat Niryat (Import and Export) Forms (ANF).
- Certificate of Cost of production of captively consumed goods as per Rule 8 of Central Excise Act, 1944 in accordance with Cost Accounting Standard CAS-4 issued by our Institute.
- Certificate for Average Cost of transportation as per Rule 5 of the Central Excise Valuation (Determination of Price of Excisable Goods) Rules, 2000.
- Certificate towards the amount of duty paid on the materials used for the manufacture of exported goods as indicated in Forms DBK-I,II, IIA,III, IIIA under Customs Act, 1962
- Issuance of Various Certificates as prescribed by Fertilizer Industry Coordination Committee (FICC) in respect of certifying Cost Data for Subsidy Scheme, Transportation Claims, Escalation Claims and Equalize Freight Claims.
- Certificate of product wise position of production dispatches stock etc. for the year (Annexure III-A) under FICC.
- Issuance of Certificates in Form-I to VI as prescribed by National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA), is an organization established by the Government of India to fix/ revise the prices of controlled bulk drugs and formulations.
- Certificate of fulfillment of Hank Yarn obligation for Textile Industry and Textile Committee Cess- Monthly Return in Form-A.
- Certifying half yearly return in Form ‘N’ for Quantity of Rubber purchased & consumed by manufacturers under rule 33 (f) of the Rubber Rules, 1955;
- Certifying Performa CI & C2 under Anti Dumping as prescribed by Ministry of Commerce;
- Certifying Statement of cost of production for Anti-dumping petition to Government of India;
- Certification of Application for License and renewal thereof to act as Surveyor and Loss Assessor under Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA)
- Certification of various forms prescribed under the Central Electricity
Regulatory Commission (CERC);
- Cost Accountants are eligible under various Acts and Regulatory Authorities to appear before the various Authorities including Appellate Tribunals etc.
In the following cases, there is special work, which are being done by Cost Accountants:
- Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)
- Right to Legal Representation before Appellate Tribunal as per Section 17 of
- Reporting and Audit for System on Accounting Separation- Certification Work
- Audit for Metering and Billing Accuracy- authorised to conduct audit
- Certified Filing Centers (CFCs) under MCA-21 Scheme: : Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India have authorised Cost Accountants in practice to act as Certifying Filing Centres on their behalf for the purpose of certification of various type of e-forms and their filing with Registrar of Companies periodically as per the provisions of
Indian Companies Act, 1956 and Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) Firms;
- Apart from other services many companies in Central & State Governments and their various Departments, Public, Private, Public Sector Banks have empanelled cost accountants for variety of work viz. Cost Management, Techno-economic Study, Systems, Computerization, ERP, Insurance companies and other Financial Institutions, Financial Management, Project Consultancy, Materials Management, Management Accountancy, Tax Planning, Diagnostic Accounting & Revival of Sick Units, Merchant Banking, Investment Counseling & Portfolio Management, Internal Management and Operational Audits, Organization Structure Review, Training and Executive Selection, Incentive Plans, Productivity, Conservation of Energy and Energy Audit and Environmental Audit etc.
Cost Accountants in Employment:
Further Academic pursuits:
There has been increasing awareness amongst the business entrepreneurs of the most vital contribution made by cost and management accountancy services in the business houses to the attainment of business objectives. This has accentuated the demand for cost and management accounting services in all the sectors of economy. Many members of the Institute are holding top management positions, viz., Managing Director, Finance Director, Financial Controller, Chief Accountant, Cost Controller, Marketing Manager, Chief Internal Auditor, CEO, CFO etc. Those managing their own businesses have found in themselves a Manager and an Accountant to control and flourish their business. No wonder a Cost Accountant can attain the highest ladder of professional career.
Cost Accountants in Government Department:
Realising the importance of the profession of the Cost and Management Accountancy in the economic development of the nation, the Central Government has constituted an all-India cadre known as Indian Cost Accounts Service (ICoAS) at par with other Class-I services such as IAS, IFS etc. to advise the government in cost pricing and in framing the appropriate fiscal and tax policies.
Cost Accountants in Education:
University Grants Commission (UGC) has notified “UGC Regulations on Minimum Qualifications for Appointment of Teachers and Other Academic Staff in Universities and Colleges and Measures for the Maintenance of Standards in Higher Education, 2010 vide its Circular No. F.3-1/2009 dated 30th June 2010.
The Regulations prescribe the minimum qualification for appointment of teaching faculty in universities and colleges in the area of Management/ Business Administration. The qualifications specified for appointment of Assistant Professor, Associate Professor and Professor in the above area and Principal/Director/Head of the Institution include First Class Graduate and professionally qualified Cost Accountant among other qualifications and subject to other requirements including qualifying NET/SLET/SET as the minimum eligibility condition for recruitment and appointment of Assistant Professors.
- A member of the Institute can get enrolled as a member of IMA USA.
- Recognised by the Academic Councils of many Universities in India for the purpose of admission of the Ph.D. courses in Commerce. Various Universities have recognized CMA qualification for registration as M.Phil. and Ph.D. candidates in commerce and allied disciplines. The List of Universities who have recognized CMA qualification to pursue M. Phil and Ph. D is given at
- The MoU between CIMA (The Chartered Institute of Management Accountants), UK and The Institute of Cost Accountants of India introduces a new CIMA Professional Gateway examination (available from May 2009) for the students who have successfully completed the whole of the Institute’s professional examination, enabling a ‘fast track’ route into CIMA’s Strategic level examinations, final tests of professional competence and ultimately CIMA Membership.
- MOU between Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU): The Institute and IGNOU have entered into an MOU on 11th July, 2008 to offer specialized B.Com and M.Com Programs for the students. The Students can simultaneously study the specialized B.Com (Financial & Cost Accounting) programme with the Institute’s Intermediate Course and specialized M.Com (Management Accounting &Financial Strategies) with the Institute’s Final Course. The details may be seen at